header photo

Virtue is Strength

If you had to define virtue in one word it would be “strength.” In English we use the same root word when we say virility. Virility means a special kind of power. So does virtue.

The Stoic School teaches that strength is a good thing. This is basic to human nature and Nature in general. Nature rewards the strongest in a species with survival and progeny. Nature is a place of struggle. The earth is a place where all animals must exert constant activity to live and must exercise great strength to get ahead. Those who lose their energy fall behind and perish. 

Human society also rewards athletes of great strength or speed. You don’t find yourself wishing you were weaker, do you? 

But, the Stoic School teaches about a strength more powerful than muscles.

First, think about an army. History shows that the most athletic soldiers do not always win. A smaller army with better strategy and equipment often defeats a larger force. Why? Second, a runner or boxer who has beaten a certain opponent previously might lose to him during the Olympics because the opponent trained harder and kept a stricter diet. Third, a weaker army can rout a greater one when the stronger flees the battle field.  Fourth, The ancient play The Suppliants by Euripides illustrates a special kind of power. In the play, the women have no physical power to retrieve the bodies of their dead loved ones who were killed in a battle, because the victors wanted them to rot in the open and be eaten by animals, so what mysterious strength empowered the mothers, wives, and daughters to win?

Our cultural grandparents called the first kind of strength “Wisdom,” the second “Temperance,” the third “Courage,” and the fourth “Justice.”

1) Wisdom is “being smart,” “thinking things through,” “making good decisions.” 

2) Temperance is self-control, self-discipline, and the ability to choose the difficult path that is good rather than the easy paths that are bad.

3) Courage means fortitude, bravery in the face of danger and pain, and risking personal safety, wealth, and reputation in the interest of something more noble.

4) Justice is doing the right thing, recognizing a higher morality than even human laws, and successfully harmonizing with Nature rather than only reading and talking about it.

The Stoic School teaches that the purpose of human life is Virtue. 

Even in human society, Nature requires constant energy to live, to be healthy, to be wise, to control yourself, to be brave, and to be fair to all.

An evidence that Nature intends mankind to be virtuous is that Nature gave humanity the potential for all these strengths. We know of no other creatures with the potential to develop the four Cardinal Virtues as we mean them here. Nature has attributes that can only be understood by those who practice wisdom, temperance, courage, and justice. We live in Nature more and more only as we grow in Virtue more and more. 

Another indication that Virtue is our purpose in life is that virtues bind us in stronger friendship with our fellow citizens, our friends, and our family. We are political animals. Nature provides no other species with a social structure anything like human society. There are no other species with commerce, technology, musical instruments, clothing, conversations, etc. anything like human society. But, along with our need to socialize in our uniquely human way, we see that virtue is what binds us together in the bonds of good faith necessary to produce thriving human societies. Individuals who practice Virtue are bound with their friends in stronger bonds of friendship and are praiseworthy among their countrymen. Those who practice vice suffer in their public and private relationships.

We call Wisdom, Temperance, Courage, and Justice the Cardinal Virtues. They remind us of the cardinal directions North, South, East, and West. With only four directions you can get from wherever you are to wherever you need to be in two-dimensional space.  In life, you need a different dimension of directions – virtues.

With the Cardinal Virtues, you can get from any circumstance you are in to where you need to be. The four virtues form a coordinate system that surely navigates you through your entire life, with “magnetic north” being the Good. Whatever crisis or reversal befalls you, the way to maintain happiness and to get where you need to be is always a combination of these four virtues.

The mother of all the virtues is Gratitude. All virtues are a combination of Wisdom, Temperance, Courage, and Justice, and those Cardinal Virtues come from Gratitude. Wisdom, Temperance, Courage, and Justice are the natural response to gratitude for what Nature has done for us, what our friends have done for us, and what our country has done for us.

The Second Generation of Marxism Exposed

 - by Cicero

This report sheds light on the second generation of Marxism.

In 1923, Eastern thinker and devoted Marxist Felix Weil founded the Institute for Social Research, aka the Frankfurt School. The institute was led in its early days by the likes of Eastern thinker Carl Grunberg, Eastern disciple Henryk Grossman, and Eastern philosopher Friedrich Pollock. This began the second generation of Marxism. It was a completely Eastern institute designed to be a fatal parasite infesting Western civilization.

After WWI ended and Marxism was successful in taking over its first Western nation, Russia, the disciples of Marx were bewildered by why the entire West had not come under their power. Marx had predicted that if the West suffered a great enough crisis, Westerners would abandon their culture and unite in an international new order where the workers of the world would be united by their common identity as members of the working class. But, after WWI, the disciples of Marx saw Westerners go back to their capitalistic nations and their religions, and their ancient traditions. The followers of Marx could not imagine a greater crisis for the West than WWI. So, what was wrong with Marx’s prediction?

Rather than admit that Marx was wrong, the Frankfurt School doubled down. They decided to ignore the facts and they went to work planning how to suck the life out of the West from within. The Frankfurt School added to the goals of Marx by developing specific tactics to destroy everything they believed made Western culture strong. They did this by studying the West to find why Westerners preferred their unique national identities more than the idea of adopting one global culture based on a Western identity as “workers of the world” aka “beasts of burden” for Eastern leaders.

The Frankfurt School decided the strength of the West must be its way of communicating, its artistic heritage, its civic institutions, its practice of logic and reason, its mastery of economics, and its biological purity. The Institute for Social Research, and its later identity, the Frankfurt School, developed tactics to counter each of these six Western strengths. They can be remembered by the acronym CAINED. They are what make Westerners feel as if they are being CAINED to death, as this article details.

This report focuses on “N” in the CAINED that the Frankfurt School uses to attack Westerners. The “N” stands for “nagging,” and it is the Marxist attack on Western logic.

Frankfurters developed what they call Critical Theory. The West has always seen the value in critical thinking since the times of the Skeptics and the Cynics, from which the Stoic School developed. However, the Frankfurt School perverted the Western term “critical” with a glorified form of “nagging” or bitchiness, and they replaced the Western term “thinking” with “theory” which has a scientific air to Western ears.

Critical thinking in the West always meant using objective reason to find truth and learning more about the Good. This kind of thinking enabled Westerners to use good judgement, to evaluate evidence and arguments objectively, to avoid deception, and to wisely navigate new circumstances and reversals of fortune.

The Frankfurter Critical Theory, however, intentionally tried to commandeer this uniquely Western power of reason. Unfortunately, Critical Theory has wreaked havoc on Westerners who have weak minds.

Frankfurter Critical Theory by any other name still reeks of nagging. It is the worst nagging person you can imagine. It is relentless fault-finding. Regardless of how good a situation is, Critical Theory teaches that a person is enlightened if he can still find a flaw and dwell on it.

Notice the difference: Western critical thinking is finding truth, which reflects Plato’s “the Good.” Critical Theory, on the other hand, is criticizing anything no matter how good it is.

Western example: America holds the Founding Fathers as heroes, based on what made them essentially different from everyone else. In technical terms, the Stoic School calls this Aristotle’s Categories. So, what makes Thomas Jefferson worth studying is his ideas and his committing his life, fortune, and honor to bring those ideas into reality.

That is reasonable to Western brains.

Frankfurter example: Western heroes are simply lies to distort history. The Founding Fathers were charlatans. They were an evil influence in the world. Thomas Jefferson was no better than a derelict and worse than a criminal. So, what makes Thomas Jefferson worth studying is he owned slaves.

That makes sense to weak brains.

Critical Theory’s fatal flaw is that it assumes from the beginning that the West is evil and must be destroyed. Then it uses emotion and sophistry to persuade others that the West is evil. Then it concludes that the West is evil. This is known in Latin as circulus in probando (“circle in proving” or “circular reasoning”). It means that the Marxist begins with what he is trying to end with (the West is evil, let’s rule it or ruin it). Circulus in probando is simply explaining what a person feels; it is not seeking the truth. While Stoics call this circular reasoning, Christians call it self-righteousness. A self-righteous person uses his mind to try to justify wrongdoing rather than repenting from wrongdoing.

That makes sense to disciples of the Frankfurt School.

The Frankfurters added to the purely theoretical Marxism six tactics to overthrow Western civilization. This is what makes Westerners feel they are being CAINED to death. The good news is Marxists failed. Why they failed and what they did about it is what we call the third generation of Marxism. Our next report will shed light on the third generation of Marxism and how to defeat their efforts.

Go Back